In a radical departure from typical fare structures the Austrian government has introduced a new kind of ticket for residents. It is the KlimaTicket and costs €1,095 per annum. It is valid on all trains, buses and trams and is designed to encourage drivers to use public transport. Austrians are already ahead of most of Europe in this, but it still accounted for only 16% of journeys made in 2018. The government hopes that sharing most of the cost amongst the whole population via taxation will be a major step in reducing car use.
Matt Finch from the European Federation for Transport and Environment commented, "The reason it's so cheap in Austria is because it's been virtually completely funded by the taxpayer. Here, we're a lot further the other way."